Andrology is the study of male diseases and male health, mainly addressing the problems relating to male reproductive problems. Erectile problem is the most common andrological problem and usually occurs in men when they grow older. Generally, the medication is the simplest treatment for impotence but in case the medication is not effective, the doctors may consider alternatives for it – surgical and non- surgical. MediMantra has a network of renowned hospitals in its panel that have special department of Andrology which offers latest surgical procedures and treatments to cure diseases like Penile curvature, Peyronies and many more.
Epispadias is a rare defect which is present in the male at birth. In this condition, the urethra does not develop fully making the urine exit the body from the wrong place. The urethra is the tube that carries out the urine from the bladder. This disease usually occurs because of the non- development of the pubic bone. Also, a birth defect called bladder exstrophy is a cause of Epispadias. In this birth defect, the bladder is in an inside- out position because of which it sticks through the walls of the abdomen. Males suffering from Epispadias have a wide penis with an abnormal curve. Epispadias is treated in the same way as Hypospadias and involves correction of the curvature, reconstruction of the missing portion of the urethra and the reconstruction of the anterior wall of the bladder through surgery.
Hypospadias is a condition when the opening of the urethra is located on the underside of the penis instead of the tip. In most of the cases, the opening of the urethra is on the inside of the head of the penis. It is in very rare cases that the opening is beneath the scrotum. Hypospadias usually results in a downward curve of the penis. It is congenital which means that it is present at the time of the birth and arises because of the malfunction in the action of those hormones causing the urethra to develop abnormally.
Patients suffering from hypospadias can be cured with the help of medication but sometimes, in order to reposition the urethral opening or to straighten the shaft of the penis, the doctor may consider surgery, mostly for the patients between the ages 6 to 12 months.
Penile torsion is another type of congenital malfunction that results in a rotational defect of the penile shaft. Penile torsion occurs because of abnormal development that causes disorientation of the penile shaft and corporeal rotation around its axis. Sometimes, abnormal skin attachment also leads to this congenital malfunction, and is most likely seen in an uncircumcised penis. In the severe cases of Penile torsion, the penis is almost rotated to the left.
If the rotation is less than 90 degrees then the patient does not require any treatment, however sometimes in order to remove the mild torsion, parents do consider proper treatment for their boys. Doctors opt for “degloving” as the most preferred treatment for Penile torsion. The surgery requires subsequent repositioning of the penile skin to minimize the torsed appearance.
The development of fibrous scar tissue inside the penis that causes curved and painful erections is termed as Peyronie’s disease. Males suffering from this have a significant bend in their penis and suffer from unbearable pain. This also causes problems for them while having sex making it difficult to maintain an erection for long time. Peyronie’s disease generally results from repeated injury to the penis. The injury might be the result of an accident, an athletic activity or an intercourse. Medication is the best cure for Peyronie’s disease as it helps reduce the curvature and the pain associated with it. Some of the popular medications used for the treatment are Collagenase, Verapamil, and Interferon. The surgical option for the treatments includes methods like Suturing and Incision.