Hypospadias is a condition when the opening of the urethra is located on the underside of the penis instead of the tip. In most of the cases, the opening of the urethra is on the inside of the head of the penis. It is in very rare cases that the opening is beneath the scrotum. Hypospadias usually results in a downward curve of the penis. It is congenital which means that it is present at the time of the birth and arises because of the malfunction in the action of those hormones causing the urethra to develop abnormally.
Patients suffering from hypospadias can be cured with the help of medication but sometimes, in order to reposition the urethral opening or to straighten the shaft of the penis, the doctor may consider surgery, mostly for the patients between the ages 6 to 12 months.