Almost all the AHV surgeries in India are done either to repair or to replace the irrecoverably damaged valves. Surgeons opt for a valve repair surgery when the defects can be rectified through medicines or through simple reshaping of the valves for better blood flow in the body. And in medical cases involving severe damage to the left-sided valves of the heart, valve replacement surgeries are done. Artificial valves made of carbon, metal or plastic are inserted into the heart to treat the valve issues that are life-threatening and can even result in a sudden heart failure. After an AHV surgery, it is important to be in constant contact with the surgeon as even the mildest of symptoms can affect the recovery process.