Bone marrow transplant is the procedure of replacing the damaged or destroyed bone marrow stem cells. It is a surgery-cum-therapy used on patients who suffer from a bone cancer or marrow disease. During the transplant, bone marrow cells are taken from the body and are thoroughly processed before being transplanted in the patient or in another patient. The whole idea during the transplant surgery is to put in healthy bone marrow and eliminate the unhealthy bone marrow from the body.
Generally during cancer treatment, the dosage of medication and the radiations of chemotherapies are so high that the bone marrow of the patient gets damaged. In these situations, to cure the bone marrow, transplants are needed. The process is usually simple but the risks of the transplantation should be taken into account and an experienced doctor should be consulted before going forward with the transplant.
Bone marrow transplantation cures illness like cancer and also the diseases that affect the bone heart cells like Aplastic anemia, Congenital Neutropenia, Thalassemia and similar diseases. There are three different kinds of bone marrow transplant that the patient can undergo:
Allogeneic bone marrow transplant,
Umbilical cord blood transplant, or
Autologous bone marrow transplant.