Liver transplant initially began as a process of helping patients in need of a liver transplant due to the scarcity of appropriate size ‘deceased’ donors. However, after the ever-increasing rate of the treatment and availability of high-tech medical equipments, transplantation procedure became common and even helped the patients who had entered the last stage. There are following two ways of liver transplant:
In case of a deceased donor, the liver transplant is decided by the severity of the liver disease
In case of a live donor, the major deciding factor is the health of the donor.
The transplant involves the removal of the liver by halting the blood movement of the nearby veins. The donated liver is fixed on the place and the blood flow is set back to normal to check the functioning of the new liver. The patients awaiting the liver are ranked as status 1, 2A, 2B and 3 on the basis of the severity of their disease. Now-a-days, the listing is done using the Model for End-stage Liver Disease Score to assess surgical risk.