MediMantra can help you get reliable diagnosis and comprehensive treatment for urological diseases like urinary stone disease, urologic cancer, urinary incontinence, male sexual dysfunction, male infertility, prostate disease, pelvic pain, etc. If you are looking for the best Urology Treatments in India, MediMantra provides cost-effective treatments for urologic oncology, pediatric urology and benign prostatic hyperplasia by the best Urologists at the leading hospitals of India.
The adrenal glands are known to be a production center for regulatory hormones, adrenaline and cortisone. This is the reason why most of the symptoms of the adrenal cancer are related with hormonal imbalances arising due to the tumors secreting hormones inappropriately. These benign tumours grow very large and start putting pressure on the organs situated near it like the stomach but do not spread to other body parts. Patients suffering from adrenal cancer usually suffer from feeling of heavy stomach and high urine pressure. Other symptoms include fever, lump in the abdomen, feeling of fullness and unexplained weight loss. The treatment options for adrenal cancer are almost the same as for any other cancer. It can be treated either by surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Sometimes the doctor also opts for ablation, i.e. destruction of tumor cells or drug like Mitotane.
from the body. Further, the doctors may opt for chemotherapy, hormone therapy or radiation therapy, depending on the situation of the patient.
Adrenalectomy is the standard treatment that is generally opted in the case of adrenal gland disorders and secretary tumours. People with adrenal gland tumor experience symptoms like high blood pressure, low potassium level, nervousness, anxiety attacks, abdominal stretch marks and change in sex drive. This sometimes results in dangerous surges of the hormones that regulate the blood pressure, which can cause the blood pressure to rise very quickly, and may result in heart attack, stroke, hemorrhage and even sudden death. The most common form of treatment for adrenal gland tumor is Laparoscopic surgery, which is a minimally invasive technique to remove the tumour from the body. Further, the doctors may opt for chemotherapy, hormone therapy or radiation therapy, depending on the situation of the patient.
Bladder stones as the name suggests are stones present in the bladder and are usually associated with urinary stasis and may occur even in healthy individuals without any infection, anatomic defect or strictures. Bladder calculi are an uncommon cause of illness but sometimes result in specific symptoms and discomfort amongst the patients. Sometimes, the bladder does not empty all the urine and the elements in the urine form crystals which later harden and turn into bladder stones.
Stomach ache, dark colored urine, frequent and painful urination are the key symptoms of bladder stones which result because of enlarged prostate, inflamed bladder, nerve damage, bladder surgery or cystocele. In most of the cases, the doctor removes them, either with the help of a cystoscope or by inserting a small tube into the urethra with a camera attached to detect the stones which is then removed with the help of laser.
A cystocele is a disease that occurs when the wall between a women’s bladder and her vagina weakens making the bladder hang into the vagina. The vaginal wall is supported by strong fascial and ligamentous attachments divided into three different levels - disruption in any of those layers precipitates POP, including cystocele. The risk factors for cystocele include age, parity, smoking, obesity, chronic constipation, hormonal issues and history of gynecological surgery or hysterectomy.
It is not easy to detect cystocele, especially in the early stages but some patients might observe symptoms like the feeling of fullness or pressure in the pelvis, a lump from the vagina, lower back and even problems with bladder emptying.
The treatment options include medications for mild cystocele or a surgery in the case of serious cystocele. In case the problem is severe, surgeons may even recommend pessary, a device placed in the vagina to hold the bladder in place, but they have to be changed regularly to avoid infections.
Neurogenic bladder is a bladder dysfunction that is caused because of neurologic damage. A patient suffering from Neurogenic Bladder losses the control over the ability to urinate resulting in either too much or not enough urine. The bladder relies on the muscles to contract and release when the person urinates. And, as the message is regulated by the brain, there are times when the message isn’t sent from the brain to the bladder. Proper treatment can help the patients regain control on the bladder.
The symptoms of Neurogenic Bladder include the inability to empty the bladder, strain while urinating, loss of bladder control, which may be caused because of Alzheimer’s disease, brain tumor, Parkinson’s disease or injury in the spinal cord. Besides keeping a track of the urine, doctors also advise Electrical Stimulation Therapy as the best treatment option for neurogenic bladder because it stimulates the electrodes to send impulses to the brain.
Priapism is a condition that causes painful, long lasting erections and most of the times happen without any sexual stimulation. Priapism is a rare disease and is found mostly in males in their thirties. Priapism is of two types - low flow and high flow. Low- flow or ischemic priapism happens when the blood gets trapped in the erection chambers affecting men with sickle- cell disease, malaria or Blood Cancer. High-flow priapism on the other hand is a result of an injury on the penis that causes an artery to rupture thus preventing the flow of blood in the penis. Priapism can also occur because of wrong medications, anti-depressants or carbon monoxide poisoning. For treating Priapism, doctors usually use a needle and syringe to extract the excess blood from the penis. Sometimes, they even inject medications into the penis to shrink the blood vessels that carry the blood vessels into the penis and expand the blood vessels that carry the blood out of the penis.
The situation when one or both of the testicles turn malignant is referred to as testicular cancer. The exact cause of the disease is not known but the risk factors include undescended testicles, congenital abnormalities and history of testicular cancer in family which is most common among the males of age 20-35 year.
The symptoms to look out for in the case of testicular cancer are testicular pain or discomfort, testicular enlargement, abdomen pain or collection of fluid in the scrotum. Testicular cancer can be cured either by surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy but the treatment affects the fertility and the sexual functions.
Urethral injuries are usually a result of some trauma, and the key symptom includes pain with or without the ability to void. Other symptoms include blood on digital, rectal or vaginal examination but generally require a thorough evaluation for injury confirmation. The male urethra is more commonly injured as compared to the female urethra and can result in long term morbidity. For the treatment of urethral injury, doctors usually prefer urethral catheterization or suprapubic cystostomy, and for selective injuries endoscopic realignment is used. Cases with complete disruptions are treated with bladder drainage via suprapubic cystostomy.